An ingrown nail is uncomfortable and often painful. What helps - we will explain to you.
An ingrown nail occurs predominantly on the feet and affects the big toenail. It is usually associated with pain. If the nail grows in, inflammation develops. Which can fester or bleed? This happens when bacteria colonize the wound. How they arise, what helps and how you can prevent ingrown toenails - BRIGITTE.de explains.
Ingrown toenail: causes
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the nail presses into the skin from the side and can grow in so that the underlying tissue is injured, swells and becomes inflamed.
The following factors favour the ingrowth of a toenail:
Nails that are cut too short or rounded at the corners
shoes that are too tight
Diseases like diabetes mellitus
taking cancer drugs
Ingrown toenail: symptoms
The tissue swells turn red and are sensitive to pressure.
There is also a strong feeling of tension in the skin.
The inflammation causes pain.
Ingrown toenail: treatment
Depending on how severe the symptoms are, you can treat the ingrown toenail yourself. The following measures have proven effective:
Footbath: Treat your feet to a bathroom and soak the affected toenail in warm soapy water for 10 to 20 minutes. Then you can push the skin away from the growing nail edge. Important: dry your feet thoroughly. Otherwise, there is a risk of nail fungus!
Foot care: After the footbath, apply an antiseptic tincture or ointment to the affected area, this has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Adhesive bandages: are placed so that they pull the inflamed skin on the side of the nail away from the edge of the nail. The toenail can grow freely again.
Nail braces: are placed on the nail and hooked behind one or both side edges of the nail. By pulling the pair, the pin is lifted a little.
Plastic splints: are pushed over the edge of the nail, creating a gap between the pin and the skin.
If the ingrown toenail is very painful, chronically inflamed, or festering, surgery can help. The inflamed tissue and the affected nail are removed down to the nail root.
Ingrown toenail: this is how you can prevent it
Ingrown toenails can be prevented with the following measures:
Do not trim or round the nails too short at the corners. Here we explain to you what you should pay attention to when cutting toenails.
When choosing shoes, make sure that your toes have enough space.
Use open shoes or shoes made from a breathable material. This counteracts perspiration.